Michelin Guides are a succession of guidebooks published by Michelin. The French tire company has been publishing these guides for over a century. The term Michelin in Michelin Starred Restaurants is known as the Michelin Red Guide. There is also the green guide which is a series of general guides for countries, regions, and cities.
The Michelin Guide awards Michelin stars annually to hotels and restaurants that have performed excellently. These stars have tremendous effects on the success of an establishment. These stars are awarded by reviewers who remain anonymous. The identity remains hidden and their expenses are taken care of by Michelin. The expert reviewers rate the services rendered by an establishment. The Michelin inspector’s identities are top secret. Even to their family members in order not to compromise their ratings. This is what Michelin Starred Restaurants refer to.
The history of the Michelin guide dates as far back as 1900. During this period, there were less than 3000 cars all over France. Michelin brothers Andre and Edouard decided to increase the demand for cars. The first edition came out in 1900. The first edition of the Michelin Guide provided the motorist with useful information on area maps, petrol stations, car mechanic listings, tire replacement and repair instruction and hotel and restaurant listing all over France. Four years later; the brothers published a similar guide for motorists in Belgium. Following the wide reception of the guide, the brothers went ahead to publish editions for many countries. Some of them are Algeria, Switzerland, Ireland, British Isles, Tunisia, Italy, and other countries prior to World War 1.
The publication of the Guide stopped when the First World War began. Later continued after the war. The brothers stopped giving the guide out for free in 1920. The brothers recognized that the restaurant section of the guide was gaining popularity. So they decided to take it a step further by recruiting a team of inspectors reviewed restaurants. These inspectors remained anonymous and the tradition continued till date. The award of Michelin starred restaurants began in 1926 to fine dining establishments. It first started by awarding only one star to befitting establishments.
In 1936, the criteria for ranking came out which stated that:
– One star: for a “very good restaurant in its category”
– Two stars: for “excellent cooking worth a detour”
– Three-stars: for “exceptional cuisine worth a special journey”
The first American Michelin guide came out in 2005 while the Tokyo guide came out in 2007. By 2013, the Michelin Guide was came out in 14 editions across 23 different countries. The Michelin star rating has the highest rating a restaurant can get. This is because of its outclass service.